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Adapted from Naiwu Osahon’s book: THE END OF KNOWLEDGE
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Plato (427-347 BCE), was said to be the son of Apollo. He was a disciple of Socrates. Hermodorus tells us that Plato, at the age of 28, while fleeing from Athens after the death of Socrates, spent ten years visiting Euclid at Megara, the Pythagoreans in Italy, Dionysius in Sicily, and the Mystery System in Egypt. He was initiated into some of the Mystery Schools in Egypt. He returned to Athens and opened an Academy, where he taught for 20 years. His doctrines, which cover a wide area of literature, consists of 36 dialogues that some scholars ascribe to Socrates, which Plato as a pupil should have published in Socrates' name after Socrates' death. However, all Plato's doctrines like his teacher's, Socrates, are of Egyptian origin.

His Theory of Ideas was illustrated with reference to the phenomena of nature being a distinction between the idea or noumena and their copies, the phenomena; and between the real and unreal by the application of the principle of opposites. The Egyptians' male and female Gods and pairs of pillars in front of Egyptian temples manifested these. His doctrine of the Mind, or Nous, teaches that if God had made the world as perfect as the nature of matter allowed, God must have endowed it with perfect soul. That this soul acts as mediator between the ideas and natural phenomena, and is the cause of life, motion, order, and knowledge, in the universe. This doctrine is the same as the “Open Eye,” idea of the Egyptian temples, which modern Masonic Lodges use to symbolize the omniscience and omnipotence of the Egyptian God Osiris.

His doctrine of the Demiurge and the created God, teaches that the world was produced by Fire, through a process of transformation; and that since all things originate from Fire, then Fire is the Logos.

This is identical with Heracleitus' doctrine of the Logos, and both are derived from the Memphite Theology of the Atom, the Sun God in the creation story. His doctrine of the Summum Bonum or the Greatest Good, teaches that the purpose of man's life is freedom from the fetters of the body in which the soul is confined, and that the practice of virtue and wisdom, makes him like a God, even while on earth. This doctrine is straight from the Theory of Salvation of the Egyptian Mystery System.

His doctrine of the Ideal State is that in a state, virtue should be the chief aim, and unless philosophers become rulers, or rulers become thorough students of philosophy, there will be increasing troubles for states and humanity at large. His Ideal State is modeled upon the attributes of the soul and justice, as contained in the allegory of the charioteer and the winged steed. This doctrine is stolen from the Judgment Drama of the Egyptian Book of the Dead. His doctrines of virtue and wisdom originated from the Egyptian Mystery System requiring ten virtues in order to subjugate the ten bodily impediments.

Plato also spoke of nature's three aspects with 'unity' as the One Source. He believed in the total unity of nature and the unity is God, which is reality and truth while division is an illusion. He harped on Monotheism as the existence of one life in which all organisms are segments of one whole. The whole, which is God, sustains the universe by permeating everything. He taught that man is the child of the gods internalizing the spirit of the Monad and exteriorizing “the gods,” or different levels or relative truths.

In Plato's Timaeus, twelve groups of 'junior gods' ignited everlasting Flame of universal Intelligence, and came down to the physical world to elevate man by uniting him with his intellectual capacities 'to weave together mortal and immortal natures.' The Chaldean idea of the Great Year is spelt out in Plato's Timaeus. In that year, the planets would meet, causing upheaval of cosmic dimensions. Plato also hinted at the Chaldean idea that catastrophe was designed to purify the world and its people. The New World that would result would be rid of the problems of old age, and death. This, of course, was re-assuring news to people raked with diseases, aging and poverty. The idea was not novel; it permeates most ancient faiths.

For him, animal life is bestowed with a tiny fragment of God. The rest, which the Greeks call the 'daemon', is concealed, and yet continues to guide man through cyclic reincarnations to perfect unity and truth. This model is not peculiar to living organisms but to all creations, animate and inanimate. Each being or object, is one whole in nature, out of which a succession of diversity suspend indefinitely. The material body is the fatal body of an Immortal Divinity. Man is a small step of spiritual activity in God's cosmic consciousness and unity. For Plato, mind was there before matter, but having become part of matter, is constantly seeking to free itself and return to God. The soul originated from God and strives to return to God failing which it disintegrates in lower bodies. That if there is soul after death; it must have been there before birth. What we behold is not reality but image projection of mind and soul on matter.

Having sworn to secrecy as an initiate of the Egyptian Mysteries, he was constrained to discuss the method of regeneration available to man. He provided some hints now and again in his writing. The first requirement appeared to be the actualization of reality and truth and the dedication of ones whole being and energy to a life of perfection.

The gods were the most perfect manifestations of truth. Heroes and enlightened men, who had achieved cosmic consciousness, followed the gods in hierarchy. They were considered demi-gods. The rest of mankind and other life forms with low spiritual and divine discipline had underdeveloped bodies, which Plato described as the 'sepulchres of the soul.' That the three parts of man are desires, appetites, will and reason, and that the greatest happiness is when reason rules appetites and desires.

The process of ascending in growth spans cycles of reincarnations.

For him, reincarnation explains the mysteries of life perfectly.

Plato taught that it is the responsibility of the wise to assist the growth of the uninformed. That the concept of community life, requires the community to teach children and citizens, individual labour, to the benefit of all. Men who think they are individuals are deceiving themselves. Every individual is part of the whole society, the realization of which helps develop man's mental capacity to avoid doing evil. To Plato, learning was recollecting or recalling from accumulated unconscious wisdom of earlier lives. Study of the arts refined the passion, science, and developed reason. Increased knowledge provides a broad and useful vista of life. Reasoning is paramount. People must reason with critically isolated wisdom. Man needs to be familiar with the one divine principle, which sustains all diversity and truth, which manifest as intelligence in nature.

NAIWU OSAHON, Hon. Khu Mkuu (Leader) World Pan-African Movement); Spiritual Prince of the African race; MSc. (Salford); Dip.M.S; G.I.P.M; Dip.I.A (Liv.); D. Inst. M; G. Inst. M; G.I.W.M; A.M.N.I.M.

Poet, Author of the magnum opus: 'The end of knowledge'. One of the world's leading authors of children's books; Awarded; key to the city of Memphis, Tennessee, USA; Honourary Councilmanship, Memphis City Council; Honourary Citizenship, County of Shelby; Honourary Commissionership, County of Shelby, Tennessee; and a silver shield trophy by Morehouse College, USA, for activities to unite and uplift the African race.

Naiwu Osahon, renowned author, philosopher of science, mystique, leader of the world Pan-African Movement.

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Articles by Naiwu Osahon