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ON INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY

By NBF News
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Information and communication technology has impacted positively on initial and in-service Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) instructional evaluation and delivery. When ICT is used effectively and appropriately in Technical Vocational Education and Training, it can enhance exploratory play, cooperation, discussions, creativity, support, flexible thinking among student, listening and problem solving Mallard (2004).

Information and Communication Technology in Technical Vocational Education and Training has the capacity to facilitate students' learning in several ways. It can also support the Professional Development of the schools or through the in-service training. ICT can strengthen relationships between children and adults and between children to children, and communities and families can also be involved (Mallard, 2004).

This ICT improves teaching and enhances student's learning and can only be handled by resourceful and capable schools teachers or educators.

Information and Communication Technology according to Siraj - Batchford (2003) defined it as 'Anything which allows us to get information, to communicate with each other, or to have an effect on the environments using electronic or digital equipment' it is the computer-based tools used by people to manage information and communication processing needs of an organization or an individual.

ICT and Technical vocational education and training, because of the significance of ICT of all levels of country's education, it has been recognized by the Nigerian National Policy (FRN 2001). The document's mission stated that ICT would be used to empower Nigeria Youth with ICT skill and prepare them for global competitiveness, integrate ICT into the mainstream of education and training.

Why ICT is useful in Technical Vocational Education and Training, ICT has significant roles to play in Technical Vocational Education and Training in the following ways because Students and Technical Vocational Practitioners can utilize ICT to gether to scaffold children learning.

Also ICT can be used in TVE and training for teaching and learning using computer to gather information, technical vocational education practitioners can also use ICT together to reflect and document on teaching, learning and training or share student's learning processes with parents. Educators/Practitioners i.e. teachers can use ICT for Administration, Planning and Information Management, individual students learning or to create Database to keep truck of significant information about work done. Practitioners, students and teachers can use ICT to communicate or exchange idea or information with others colleagues parents or researchers using video conferencing, real time discussing.

Research findings have indicated that Technical Vocational Students have a lot to gain through ICT especially during training. Some of the reasons for ICT in TVET based on the review of the New Zealand Council for Educational Research (2004).

ICT offers new opportunities to strengthen many aspects of technical vocational education and training because it can support, facilitate and strengthen teaching and learning experiences. It can improve relationships and communication between students, parent, stakeholders and facilitate professional development.

ICT effects the people and the environment that surround the young, even children and home play with digital toys, therefore, technical vocational education and training experiences should reflect and connect with their experiences in the global world.

ICT inclusion in collaborated in literature in the area of education policy, and curriculum etc.

Area of concentration about the use of ICT in Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET). Despite the numerous merits in the application of ICT in TVET people have criticized its use for training specific area of important identified as follows (New Zealand Council for Educational Research 2004).

Negative impact on student's Social Development, that is computer encourages antisocial behaviour like aggressiveness in students. Particular about students exposure to unsuitable instructional content e.g. cultural or social stereotypes or sexual nature.

Concern that computer use may dispose other important play activities of the student and learning. That the use of computer by students can affect aspect of students cognitive (thinking) development.

Risky physical effects of students prolonged contract or stay with computer. These include eye fatigue and postural effects already established on research on older adults.

Conclusion - information and communication technology is pertinent to technical vocational education and training in modern society. So school and colleges should be provided with basic machines, equipment and other skills. This is only possible when the practitioners are supplied with needed facilities and saleable skills through technical vocational education and training.

Oladepo writes from Lagos.
Also ICT can be used in TVE and training for teaching and learning using computer to gather information, technical vocational education practitioners can also use ICT together to reflect and document on teaching, learning and training or share student's learning processes with parents. Educators/Practitioners i.e. teachers can use ICT for Administration, Planning and Information Management, individual students learning or to create Database to keep truck of significant information about work done. Practitioners, students and teachers can use ICT to communicate or exchange idea or information with others colleagues parents or researchers using video conferencing, real time discussing.

Research findings have indicated that Technical Vocational Students have a lot to gain through ICT especially during training. Some of the reasons for ICT in TVET based on the review of the New Zealand Council for Educational Research (2004).

ICT offers new opportunities to strengthen many aspects of technical vocational education and training because it can support, facilitate and strengthen teaching and learning experiences. It can improve relationships and communication between students, parent, stakeholders and facilitate professional development.

ICT effects the people and the environment that surround the young, even children and home play with digital toys, therefore, technical vocational education and training experiences should reflect and connect with their experiences in the global world.

ICT inclusion in collaborated in literature in the area of education policy, and curriculum etc.

Area of concentration about the use of ICT in Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET).

Despite the numerous merits in the application of ICT in TVET people have criticized its use for training specific area of important identified as follows (New Zealand Council for Educational Research 2004).

Negative impact on student's Social Development, that is computer encourages antisocial behaviour like aggressiveness in students.

Particular about students exposure to unsuitable instructional content e.g. cultural or social stereotypes or sexual nature.

Concern that computer use may dispose other important play activities of the student and learning.

That the use of computer by students can affect aspect of students cognitive (thinking) development.

Risky physical effects of students prolonged contract or stay with computer. These include eye fatigue and postural effects already established on research on older adults.

Beyond that, writers have suggested that TVET Practitioner should adopt cautions approach in the use of computer for children. Eight principles were proposed for safe and effective use of information and communication technology with student during technical vocational education and training.

These are presented as follow:
Encourage support
Incorporate ICT with other aspects of the ICT curriculum for instance give ICT a place in students play hours.

Ensure an educational purpose for ICT use.
ICT in TVE training should not be used to control the student using some programmed learning (involving drill and practice) rather the student should be in control of learning process and pace.

Be conscious of health hazards and safety issues as regards ICT.

Select applications that fair, transparent and intuitive.

Beware of applications that consists stereotype and violence.

Motivate the educational involvement of parents of the students if possible.

Conclusion - information and communication technology is pertinent to technical vocational education and training in modern society. So school and colleges should be provided with basic machines, equipment and other skills. This is only possible when the practitioners are supplied with needed facilities and saleable skills through technical vocational education and training.

Oladepo writes from Lagos.