Ooni Ogunwusi / Olojo Festival
“And in the visitation of the winds,
Who take the ruffian billows by the top,
Curling their monstrous heads and hanging them
With deafening clamour in the slippery clouds,
That, with the hurly, death itself awakes?
Canst thou, O partial sleep, give thy repose
To the wet sea-boy in an hour so rude,
And in the calmest and most stillest night,
With all appliances and means to boot,
Deny it to a king? Then happy low, lie down!
Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown.”…….. Shakespeare's Henry IV. Part II, 1597.
In the midst of the pomp and pageantry leading to the Olojo Festival 2017 we may not only consider the fascinating ceremonial splendour. It is imperative for us as a people of culture and scholars in the field of culture & heritage to dig deeper into the intricacies of the celebration. Who bears the brunt; who savours the moment? For our culture to transcend beyond the present, questions such as “what, who, when and how” must be answered, in order to preserve the ways by which we live as a people. As the Yorubas would rightly say, “tiomode obaitan, a baaroba; aroba re e, baba itanni.”
According to the Kongi himself, Prof. Wole Soyinka, “the reality is that Kabiesi, the Ooni of Ife is above all, Ile Ife is the cradle of humanity.” No doubts, this is the acceptable standard both within and outside the shores of Nigeria. The highly placed and intelligent monarch, Oba AdeyeyeOgunwusi since inception of his reign as the Ooni of Ife has not fallen short of expectation in his disposition as the foremost king. His humility, wisdom, native intelligence among other remarkable attributes surpasses the natural. Kabiyesi’s effort to promote our culture did not only put Ile-Ife on world map, his effort has further promoted the black race as an entity as well as showcasing Africa as the origin of human civilisation.
Needless to wonder why there was a twist to the celebration of Olojo Festival on the 10th of October 2016, when thousands of people gathered together to watch the game changer, the dynamite monarch of our generation, the face of African culture world-wide, the AroleOduduwa,Oba AdeyeyeEnitanOgunwusi(Ojaja II) as he wore the “Ade Aare” for the first time as the Ooni of Ife. The “Ade Aare” is a special crown made of 151 items, part of which is cutlass and hoe. Thecrownwhich is worn by the Ooni during the annual Olojo Festival in the ancient city of Ile-Ifeweighs over 70kg spiritually. The Ooni is expected to appease the major gods in the city and to pray for its citizenry in the course of the procession. It is believedthat anyprayer said by believers after sighting the “Ade Aare”on the day of Olojocomes to material equivalence in no time.
According to Yoruba mythology, as told by the uncommon king, who believes in “telling our stories ourselves, for history to be preserved and falsehood eliminated” ObaAdeyeyeOgunwusi explained that, Olojo festival started with the third Ooni of Ife,Ogun and it is done to honourOlodumare, the “creator of the day .” The festival is preceded by a 7 days seclusion of the Ooni of Ife after having heard the sound of the unseen drums which signifies the start of the preparation towards Olojo. During the period of seclusion, the Ooni of Ife engages in spiritual activities which include total abstinence from food, drink and people including his immediate family, while he concentrates on prayers. He supplicates, atones and presents the needs of the community to God. The Oonirisa shall act in the capacity of the priest of the Oduduwa people and also as the mouthpiece of Olodumare during the course of the seclusion.
Other key players in the event include; the Osogun- The priest of Ogun, the traditional chiefs offering sacrifices at Oke-Mogun, other chiefs and Sooko(s) who pay obeisance to the Ooni on his way out of Ileegbo. At Ilenla, the Lokoloko(s) - palace aides cladded in half camwood and white chalk with canes in their hands pave way for the movement of OonitoOke-Mogun. While the Emese’s - the king’s courtiers/ emissaries are saddled with the responsibilities treating the Ooni to rounds of entertainment on the second day. Oke-Itase is another venue to watch out for on the third day of the Olojo festival where the Ooni visits to pay homage to Orunmila. The Olojo festival 2017 takes place on 29th September – 2nd October, It’s a moment not to be missed!
The focal point of this debate is not just the making of the Olojo festival but the aftermath.
It is no gainsaying, that the position of the Ooni of Ife is more than the ceremonial splendour but a life full of sacrifices; where the king is deprived for the benefits of his community. Asides from the abstinence during the seclusion, the impact of the seclusion is conspicuous on the Ooni of Ife.A look at the ‘before and after’ picture of the Ooni of Ife during the Olojo festival tells a story of maturity; his look is often almost 10 years older than it was before the seclusion. Also visible afterwards is the augmented level of reasoning. An Ooni of Ife acquires more knowledge and is spiritually inspired during the period of seclusion. This will in turn affect his disposition as the year passes by, theOoni of Ife’s judgement of circumstances after this period may be likened to the wisdom of Solomon on one hand and his retentive memory and knowledge of the culture would be bloated by the reason of his communion with the gods, his fore-fathers and the supreme God, the creator of the universe on the other hand.
As a people of culture, it is in our best interest to celebrate our cultural heritage having in mind that we cannot be more foreign than the foreigners (be more English than the English themselves) This does not make us fetish rather our holier than thou attitude tends to make us fake, knowing fully well that the mission of the colonial masters to replace our spiritual and cultural heritage with the idea that all that is foreign is good and greater was instituted for selfish interest in a bid to make Africans lose their self-esteem (see the address of Lord Macaulay as presented to the British Parliament on the 2nd of February 1835).
In same vein, the Olojofestival isexpected to unite the people together. It is a celebration of the deities and celebration of the God of the Universe, the owner of the day, for preservation of the Yoruba race and the abundance of blessing bestowed on us by the creator. It is also a time to celebrate the uncommon monarch, the first among the equal, the one and only;
AroleOodua! AlakaomoApaara! ItiomoIrunmole, AlakaomoApaara!AlaseOrisa! OloriAlade! Ajigi Ede!Odundun Oba Asodedero! Olufe! Olofin Aye! OtitiArinkilemi! Opa lo ni Ile, Opa lo l'oko! Okeleyin Moore! Jigbini bi ate akun! Alalafunfungbooo! Kaabioosi Oba riaOnirisha! OjajaAfidip'ote mole!Ekun………omoGiesi!
Let’s celebrate him for his selfless services to mankind and especially the Yoruba race all over the world. May your reign be long Kabiyesi , Oba AdeyeyeEnitanOgunwusi.
A s'olojo, aakegba'ajureooooo!
PhD Candidate, Maynooth University, Department of Law.