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THE PERCENTAGE EQUIVALENCE SYSTEM OF ADMISSION: A NEW ADMISSION CRITERIA PROPOSAL

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The present admission criteria system
in our country boast of ensuring egalitarianism (i.e granting equal

access to tertiary education to those from educationally developed

states and those from less developed state) and multi-ethnicity

(diversity) needed for a multifarious educational development in the

universities. Categorically Nigeria’s university admission criteria

are: CATCHMENT AREA 30%, ELDS 20%, MERIT 40% and UNIVERSITY’S

DISCRETION 10%. In this article I want to question the soundness of

this practice.
When an attitudinal assessment is made from the above what is depicted

is: OUT OF 100%, OUR EDUCATION SYSTEM IS ONLY 40% MINDFUL OF MERIT

WHILE BEEN 60% MINDFUL OF NON-MERIT. Without in-depth analyses this

shows that we have a very faulty system.
No doubt, the ideals which inform this practice are intuitively

worthy, but the manner which there are applied is what I want to

question. To proof how faulty this system is on a level of in-depth

analyses, I intend to interrogate it within the context of the

following principles; meritocracy, egalitarianism, justice as fairness

and cultural diversity and also propose a new system.

On the point of egalitarianism: some states are educationally less

developed hence if students from those states are not supported they

will be structurally marginalized. This will lead to unequal

development among states because some states will hardly produce

university graduates. Since the demands of this students are

legitimate ( as equal citizens of the states) as much as others but

their supply has been historically lesser, that support given to them

is justified. My problem is how this principle is applied to the

extent that it hugely demeans merit-ladenness. For students from ELDS

are been overly favoured to the huge detriment of students from

developed state e.g. a student who scores 240 in JAMB might not gain

admission into university of Ibadan while someone who scores 183 will

be granted admission in university of Ibadan. The fact that a student

is from an ELDS (e.g. Ebonyi state) does not mean he/she can not score

more than 183. Hence it is important that we set a percentage

equivalence system to avoid this mess and other forms of

indiscriminate arbitrariness.
Secondly, educationist who are in support of the status quo – aver

that the catchment area criteria aids the actualisation of a

multi-ethnic educational environment of learning. A critical

reflection of this proposition proves it to be the opposite; because

giving greater opportunity to people from different parts of the

country the ability to apply to a specific university by eradicating

or drastically reducing the catchment area quota, is the best way to

ensure multi-ethnicity were many perspective can confluence, after

proper dialectic interaction, to produce better perspectives about

live- as a part of social education. In a civilized world premisses

like locality should not a major object of consideration and this kind

of thinking disarms sentiments and bias because it crumbles the weight

of ethnocentric commitment, whilst fostering the ideal of

complementarity.
FROM THE ABOVE THIS IS WHAT IS DERIVABLE:
We need a system that greatly favours merits
We need a system that is just to students in ELDS. Hence we need to

create a balance i.e. to equalise the value of merit and fairness.

Therefore we need a system that retains high level meritocracy and

apropos fairness to ELDS, in a way that is productive. One that does

not jeopardise merit or fair consideration. The percentage equivalence

system is that system.
The percentage equivalence system has the following as its theoretical framework

For our higher education system to achieve the goals for which it was

established it must take in the best available brains in the country.

The attitude or interest of an individual determines the effect of an

educational process on that individual and the effect of our

university’s education on student determines how productive our

universities are.
Hence given two students with the same brain capacity; i.e. Student A

& student B, were A, lives in an EDS and B, lives in an EDLS if B's

Jamb score is just about 7/10 points lower than A's, say A=250 &

B=241, i will consider student B more qualified for admission due to

the fact of his disadvantage on the basis of the principles in (i) and

(ii) above
Before Adumbrating further details this is what the percentage

equivalence system says ‘’the point or score of a student from an

education less developed state is equivalent to the score of a student

from an educationally developed state if the score of the student from

the developed area is 10% above that of the student from the education

less developed area’’ for example if A is from ELDS and scores 243 and

B from EDs has a score of 270 both of them will be said to be at par.

This system is good because it discourages laxity among students from

ELDS and catchment area. Within the context of the status quo states

have no good incentive to improve their education standard because

they have not been any massive educational development in most ELDS.

However this system will impress the state and federal government to

act since they will be pressured by citizens of ELDS. Hence this

system is holistically beneficial.
With the above we have been able to grant the ELDs student the

privilege he/she was denied and also establish an undying love for

merit. However the 10% given for university’s discretion is preserved

for the sake of extreme cases.
If you prefer this system to the prevailing one, then spread the news.

#percentage_equivalence_system

Disclaimer: "The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of Gideon Owogeka and do not necessarily reflect those of The Nigerian Voice. The Nigerian Voice will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article."