Petrol sells for N86 per litre from Jan 1
The Federal Government yesterday announced that as from January 1, 2016 all retail stations of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) will start selling petrol at N86 per litre.
Others will sell at N86.50k as against the present N87 per litre.
The Petroleum Products Pricing Regulatory Agency (PPPRA) said the prices would run from January 1 till March 31, under a revised pricing template.
PPPRA Executive Secretary Farouk Ahmed broke the news to reporters in Abuja.
Within the new pricing template, the government approved two pump prices-one for NNPC retail outlets and the other for retail outlets operated by private business concerns.
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Both open market prices indicate a N1 and 50k drop from the official pump price of N87 per litre, which will become obsolete on December 31 - tomorrow.
Farouk said the announcement followed the approval of the Minister of Petroleum Resources, Dr. Ibe Kachikwu, for the implementation of the revised template.
The PPPRA has approved importation of three million metric tonnes of petrol in the first quarter of the year. The NNPC was granted 78 per cent of the total allocated volume for the period. The balance of 22 per cent will be supplied by other oil marketing companies.
According to Farouk, a couple of elements that were affected by the price review include traders' margin, which was revised downwards from N1.47 per litre to zero; lightering expenses (N4.07/litre to N2.00/litre) charges by the Nigerian Port Authority (NPA), (N0.77/litre to N0.36/litre); jetty throughput charges, (N0.80/litre to N0.40/litre); storage charge (N3.00/litre to N1.50/litre); bridging fund (N5.85/litre to N4.00/litre) and ex-depot price (N77.66/litre to N77.00/litre).
Other elements, such as retailers' margin, were, however, reviewed upwards from N4.60/litre to N5.00/litre; transporters, from N2.99/litre to N3.05/litre; dealers' margin, from N1.75/litre to N1.95/litre;
'Accordingly, the ex-depot price of PMS shall be N77.00k per litre while the pump price shall be N86.50k per litre - in line with the prevailing market trend.
'The key thing here is that with the revision, the open market price has come down slightly. The new pump price is N86.50k, down from N87 per litre, effective from January 1, 2016.
'However, for NNPC import, because an element of the template which is the financing cost, is not captured in the NNPC template. Therefore, NNPC import is slightly lower. The NNPC price will be N86 per litre, meaning that if you go to NNPC retail stations, you should buy at N86 per litre and then N86.50k in other stations,' Ahmed said.
The idea is to instill competition and stability in the downstream petroleum sector, he said.
'Another important point is that this is not static as there will be a quarterly review of the price template. However, if there is a major shift, the minister may call for a review either upwards or downwards, depending on the market.
'But for now, at least for the first quarter, this price remains for three months, from January to March,' he added.
Ahmed noted that there was to be a pricing advisory committee made up of industry technocrats and which would sit down from time to time and advise the PPPRA on price movements.
He added: 'But the PPPRA will still sit down and do its work. The committee will advise it on any drastic movement in price.
'The open market price is N86.29k. If you do the calculation, that means there is an element of over recovery and what we will do now is that we will go back to the marketers and bill them for the recovery.
'With regards to NNPC, their arrival is N85.93k but they are selling at N86, so there will also be element of over recovery. However, we are comfortable with the numbers.'
Speaking more on the review, Ahmed said: 'In order to encourage investments in retail outlets, we slightly increased the provisions in the retailers, transporters, and dealers' margins.
'In terms of distribution margin, we have also revised down the bridging fund and increased the retailers, dealers and transporters' margins.'
On the Q1 import permit, Ahmed did not disclose the identity of marketers selected for the period but stated that the agency had considered three key factors in selecting them.
These factors, he said, include retail outlets ownership; marketers' performance in previous quarterly allocation; as well as the challenges in sourcing foreign exchange.
He noted that in allowing the NNPC to import 78 per cent of the total allocated volume, the agency envisaged that the corporation would have little challenges in sourcing for foreign exchange while the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) would be able to comfortably take care of the foreign exchange demands of the other marketers who would import the remaining 22 per cent.
'This measure is to guarantee uninterrupted fuel supply nationwide. Marketers are required to note that there shall be a mid-quarter review of performance where volumes of non-performing marketers, including the NNPC shall be withdrawn and reallocated to performing marketers,' Ahmed explained.
He also stated that the NNPC had in previous allocations done up to 111 per cent in product importation to stabilise supply, adding that future allocations shall be based on 100 per cent performance in the Q1, 2016 allocation.
Ahmed said the revised template was built a little bit above the earlier daily consumption rate of 40 million litres per day.
He said the agency is currently verifying the October, November and December claims of marketers for subsidy, after which the Debt Management Office (DMO) would be notified for further action.