yoruba

Source: Alayande Dayo - Nigeriafilms.com
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NUMERAL SYSTEMS OF YORUBA LANGUAGE
(ALAKOJO: WILLIAM OLUFEMI ADELEKE: OSU KETA ODUN EJI-EGBERUN OKANLA (03/11)

0- OH, ODO/SERO; (.) itoka; % pacent;
1 ENI MENI, OKAN 21 OGUN-ENI** 41 OGOJI-ENI
2 EJI MEJI 22 OGUN-EJI 42 OGOJI-EJI
3 ETA META 23 OGUN-ETA 43 OGOJI-ETA
4 ERIN MERIN 24 OGUN-ERIN 44 OGOJI-ERIN
5 ARUN MARUN 25 OGUN-ARUN 45 OGOJI-ARUN
6 EFA MEFA 26 OGUN-EFA 46 OGOJI-EFA
7 EJE MEJE 27 OGUN-EJE 47 OGOGJI-EJE
8 EJO MEJO 28 OGUN-EJO 48 OGOJI-EJO
9 ESAN MESAN 29 OGUN-ESAN 49 OGOJI-ESAN
10 EWA MEWA 30 OGBON 50 ADOTA
11 OKANLA MOKANLA 31 OGBON-ENI 51 ADOTA-ENI
12 EJILA MEJILA 32 OGBON-EJI 52 ADOTA-EJI
13 ETALA MATALA 33 OGBON-ETA 53 ADOTA-ETA
14 ERINLA MERINLA 34 OGBON-ERIN 54 ADOTA-ERIN
15 ARUNLA / EDOGUN MARUNLA* 35 OGBON-ARUN 55 ADOTA-ARUN
16 EFALA /ERINDOGUN MEFALA 36 OGBON-EFA 56 ADOTA-EFA
17 EJELA / ETADOGUN MEJELA 37 OGBON-EJE 57 ADOTA-EJE
18 EJOLA /EJIDOGUN MEJOLA 38 OGBON-EJO 58 ADOTA-EJO
19 ESANLA / OKANDOGUN MESANLA 39 OGBON-ESAN 59 ADOTA-ESAN
20 OGUN OGUN 40 OGOJI 60 OGOTA-
*this achieves symmetry , easiness and logical progression;
**'ogun-le –meji' makes it difficult to count higher numbers; ' ogun-meji and so on' can be misinterpreted for 20x2, 3…,
*** “0” is: “oh”, “odo”, “sero” as in tel. numbers: 234 1 279 8049 is: eji, eta erin, okan, eji, eje, esan, ejo, odo, erin, esan
If a number seris begins with a zero, we can read it as: “oh” 0.5= oh itoka arun, 0.75; oh itoka eje arun

61 OGOTA-ENI 90 ADORUN 140 OGORUN-OGOJI
62 OGOTA-EJI 100 OGORUN 150 OGORUN-ADOTA
63 OGOTA-ETA 101 OGORUN -ENI 160 OGORUN-OGOTA
64 OGOTA-ERIN 102 OGORUN-EJI 170 OGORUN-ADORIN
65 OGOTA-ARUN 103 OGORUN-ETA 180 OGORUN-OGORIN
66 OGOTA-EFA 104 OGORUN-ERIN 190 OGORUN-ADORUN
67 OGOTA-EJE 105 EGORUN-ARUN 200 EJI-OGORUN-; IGBA***
68 OGOTA-EJO 106 OGORUN-EFA 300 ETA-OGORUN
69 OGOTA-ESAN 107 OGORUN-EJE 400 ERIN- OGORUN; IGBA -MEJI
70 ADORIN 108 OGORUN-EJO 500 ARUN-OGORUN
80 OGORIN 109 OGORUN-ESAN 600 EFA- OGORUN
120 OGORUN-OGUN 110 OGORUN-EWA 700 EJE -OGORUN
121 OGORUN-OGUN-ENI 111 OGORUNOKANLA 800 EJO-OGORUN
122 OGORUN- OGUN-EJI 112 OGORUN-EJILA 900 ESAN-OGORUN
123 OGORUN- OGUN-ETA 113 OGORUN-ETALA 1000 EGBERUN
124 OGORUN- OGUN-ERIN 114 OGORUN-ERINLA 1001 EGBERUN-ENI
125 OGORUN- OGUN-ARUN 115 OGORUN-ARUNLA 2000 EJI-EGBERUN
126 OGORUN- OGUN-EFA 116 OGORUN-EFALA 10000 EWA-EGBERUN*****
127 OGORUN- OGUN-EJE 117 OGORUN-EJELA 11000 OKANLA -EGBERUN
128 OGORUN- OGUN-EJO 118 OGORUN-EJOLA 20000 OGUN-EGBERUN
119 OGORUN- ESANLA 129 120 250 IGBADOTA
120 OGORUN-OGUN 130 OGORUN-OGBON 260 IGBAOGOTA
**** confusion is avoided with “ogorun-meji-eji” as people might soon be pronouncing “ogorun mejeji” for convenience, which would be erroneous, meanwhile 'Igba-eji' is considered logical, even if it later becomes ” Igbaji” in local dialects.

Note, people can as well say: ogorun-edogun, ogorun-erindogun, ogorun-etadogun, ogorun-ejidogun, ogorun-okandogun. Where the prefix “do” means 'before or less than twenty'

*****The significance of counting from 1-10 with “Me” will be to quantify the number itself, thus Egberun mewa is 10x1000
25000 OGUN-ARUN EGBERUN 10 000 000 000 EWA-MILLIAD -- 1010
30000 OGBON -EGBERUN 100 000 000 000 OGORUN-MILLIAD --1011
50000 ADOTA-EGBERUN 10 000 000 000 000 EWA TRILLON --1013
100 000 OGORUN-EGBERUN 100 000 000 000 000 OGORUN TRILLON- 1014
150 000 OGORUN-ADOTA-EGBE 10 000 000 000 000 000 EWA -KWADRILLON --1016
200 000 EJIEGORUNEGBERUN, IGBA EGBERUN 100 000 000 000 000 000 OGORUN-
KWADRILLON-- 1017
500 000 ARUNOGORUNEGBERUN 10 000 000 000 000 000000 EWA- KWINTILLON--1019
1 000 000 MILLION 100 000 000 000 000 000 000 OGORUN-KWINTILLON -- 1020
100 000 000 OGORUN-MILLION
500 000 000 ARUN OGORUN- MILLION
1 000 000 000 MILLIAD
TRILLON 1 000 000 000 000
KWADRILLON 1 000 000 000 000 000 0000 0000
KWINTILLON 1 000 000 000 000 000 000 0000 0000 0000 0000

This chart suggests that the Yoruba systems for counting higher numbers be based on the decimal progression - powers of 10. (107 = 1+7 zeros.)
We will count sets of 1,000 (103 - groups of 3 zeros)
The sets are divided into groups of three, 1s, 10s, and 100s
The major set therefore will be: 1,000 - okan EGBERUN. 1,000 egberun is okan MILLION, 1,000 million is MILLIAD, etc. The value of the prefix to –illon/MILLIAD shows the number of sets of thousands, (sets of 3 zeros) beyond the first 1,000.
Milliad - a total of 3 sets of 3 zeros 1,000,000,000; tr(i), 4 sets.) Above kwadr- (4), the prefixes are kwint- with (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), and (10)sets respectively.
# OSU OJO- OSE
1 SERE, IKENI-OSU, ILADUN,ODUN-TUNTUN 1 AJE, IBERE-OSE
2 ERELE, IKEJI- OSU 2 ISEGUN
3 ERENA, IKETA-OSU 3 ERU,
4 IGBE, IKERIN-OSU 4 OBO
5 EBIBI, IKARUN-OSU 5 ETI, OPIN-OSE
6 OKUDU, IKEFA-OSU 6 ABAMETA, OJO-ARIYA
7 AGEMO, IKEJE-OSU 7 AIKU, OJO-ISIN, OJO-ISINMI, OJO-AJINDE,
8 OGUN, IKEJO-OSU
9 OWEWE, IKESAN-OSU
10 OWARA, IKEWA-OSU
11 ELU, IKEKANLA-OSU
12 OPE, IKEJILA-OSU, OPIN-ODUN

AKOKO, IGBA, AGO will be read in the ordinal orders with indications for days and nights
AGO- IKENI, IKEJI, IKETA, IKERIN, IKARUN, IKEFA, IKEJE, IKEJO, IKESAN , IKEWA, IKOKANLA, IKEJILA (12.00-3.00 oru); ( 4.00-6.00 idaji); (7.00-12.00 aro); (1.00-3.00 osan); (4.00-6.00 irole); (7.00-11.00 ale)
Kini ago to sin? Ikeji ago, ewa iseju, ogun sekundi : 2hrs 10minutes: 20 seconds
Ato bi ago melo ki a to de ibe? A to bi eji ago ati ogbon iseju
ODUN
BC 32- ODUN OGBON-EJI AYE TOLO (THE PAST ERA)
AD 1000- ODUN-EGBERUN NI AYE WA (OUR ERA)
1800 –ODUN EGBERUN EJO-OGORUN
1865 – ODUN- EGBERUN- EJO-OGORUN- OGOTA-ARUN
1900- ODUN EBERUN-ESAN OGORUN
1910- ODUN EGBERUN-ESAN OGORUN- EWA
1980- ODUN EGBERUN-ESAN OGORUN- OGORIN
2000- ODUN –EJI- EGBERUN
2010 - ODUN –EJI- EGBERUN-EWA
2011- ODUN –EJI EGBERUN-OKANLA (notice, not mokanla)
IWON- KILOMETRA
From 1-10 will be read with prefix 'me' , ie: okan kilometra, marun kilometra.
Otherwise, Eko si Ilorin :- igba aadota kilometra ; eta-ogorun adota kilometra; erin ogorun kilometra

IWON- KILOGRAM

Kilo okan, kilo kan Idaji kilo
½kg
Eji kilogram, kilo meji
Idameta kilo 1/3kg
Eta kilogram, kilo meta
Ida merin kilo ¼ kg
Erin- kilogram, kilo-merin
Ida mewa kilo 1/10kg
Arun- kilogram, kilo-marun
Okan abo kilo 1.5; 1 1/2kg
Efa- kilogram, kilo-mefa
PACENT %
Eje- kilogram, kilo-meje
EWA PACENT 10%
Ejo- kilogram, kilo-mejo
ADOTA PACENT 50%
Esan- kilogram, kilo-mesan
ADOJE-ARUN PACENT 75%
Ewa- kilogram, kilo-mewa
OGORUN PACENT 100%
MILIMETRA, CENTIMETRA METRA MILLIGRAM, GRAM
OKAN METRA, METRA KAN Ogorun milligram
Ewa metra, ogorun metra;
Okan-abo metra; okan itoka adorin metra, okan itoka ogorin-arun metra Ewa gram, ogorun gram,
Adota gram.

Arun santimetra, ewa santimetra, adota santimetra