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By Sadiq Chuks Orji

Nigeria is One of the Most Highly Blessed Nations in Africa. That She has not been able to Solve, even Her Own Problems of Food and Agriculture is a Matter of Very Great Concerns.

Anyhow, if you would like to be on the Full know of the Major Problems Of Food Production In Nigeria, then you have come to the Right Source. Here, in this Post are 12 of Nigeria's Major Problems Of Food and Agriculture, and they include:

1. Poverty

In today's Nigeria, one of the Major Problems of Food Production is Poverty. On the other hand, one of the Simplest and a Doubtless Truth that you can easily Know about Nigeria is the fact that over 75% of Her Rural Dwellers are Full-time Farmers.

Another Doubtless Truth that you can also Discover there is that Nigeria's present inability to, even Solve Her Own Problems of Food and Agriculture, is not as a Result of Her Peoples' Laziness; or say a Matter of the Nation being Naturally Unblessed. Nigerian Farmers and Nigerians in general are really Hard-working and Industrious.

A very Great Variety of Delicious Species of Organic Foods, Fruits, Vegetables and Cash-crops abound in the Country. In fact, the Nation is so Highly Blessed, and there are very large Acres of Fertile Agricultural Lands all around the Country.

But to me, Nigerians honestly are not really lacking Food. What they really lack there is the money to buy the Food; the money to Produce the Food; and, or even the money to procure small Piece of Land to Grow the Food.

2. Ignorance

Nigeria of today is a Country where Agriculture is

still greatly and relatively Undermined; and or even

Over-looked as a mere " Back-yard Business ".

Some Nigerian Youths even regard Farming as:

" An Odd Job that is meant only for the Illiterate

Rural People ".

In the eyes of some of Nigeria's Wealthy Class,

Farming is, Ignorantly Underrated or Abhorred as:

" Poor Peoples' Job ".

The very worst is that the Governments in Nigeria

Are, pretentiously doing very little or nothing in

Terms of Solving the Nation's Food and Agricultural


3. Illiteracy

The greatest number of Dedicated Full-time

Farmers in Nigeria can neither Read nor

Write. The Local Farmers there are even as

Uninformed as they lack Modern Agricultural


The climax of illiteracy there, is Nigeria's

Total Negligence and, or Her Non-usage of Native

Languages in the Nation's Pursuits for Modern

Education. For in this Modern World, People that

still Studies in Foreign Languages have not really

started Learning. And this Level of Illiteracy and

Unawareness do often Constitute some serious Set-

backs, even in Nigeria's Food Production Efforts.

4. Use Of Manual Farm Tools / Methods

Do you know that the Average Nigerian Farmer is

still making use of only the same Out-dated Manual

Farm Tools - like Cutlass and Hoe - as their Fore-

fathers used since many Centuries ago?.

Do you also know that instead of using some

Affordable Modern Agricultural Techniques or

Simple Machines; the Farmers in that part of the

World have Changelessly, Adhered to various

Archaic Agricultural Methods and Practices that

were Copied from their Ancestors?.

In short, their use of these kinds of Archaic and

Out-dated Tools and Techniques, constitutes a very

great set-back in the Country's Food and

Agricultural Out-puts.

5. Lack Of Road; Water; & Electricity

The Rural Farming Communities in Nigeria have

neither Road nor Water nor Electricity. Some do

not even have Hospitals or Schools around them.

Can you then imagine the Pains and the Labors, and

to what extents the Farmers from such-like

Areas can Contribute in Food Production?.

1. Lack Of Food Storage or Processing Facilities

Many Delicious and Juicy Fruits, Vegetables, and

Cash-Crops are largely Produced from Nigeria's

Local Farming Communities. But, Do you know

that a very great Percentage of these Delicious

Organic Farm Produce often get Damaged and, or

Wasted before they reach their Final Consumers?.

In this kind of a Situation, One of the Major

Problems that is facing the Helpless Local Farmers

there, is Lack of Adequate Food Storage or

Processing Facilities.

7. Lack Of Modern Farm Machines / Techniques

Another Major Problem of Nigeria's Food and

Agriculture is lack of Modern Farm Machines or

Techniques. As I stated earlier, the Farmers in

Nigeria are still making use of Ancient Agricultural

Tools / Techniques; whilst there are Low-cost

Modern Farm Machines / Techniques out there for

Use as better Substitutes.

8. Lack Of Scientific & Technological Know-how

In Nigeria, Scientific and Technological Know-how is

relatively very low. Many Schools there in Nigeria

do not even have Science Laboratories. Hence, a

great Majority of Students there rather Theorize

Sciences than Practicalize them.

In fact, this Problem of Nigeria's Under-

Development in Science and Technology often

leave the Country to Depend largely on

Importation. And this equally, is part of the Major

Problems and Challenges of the Country's Food and

Agricultural Developments.

9. Disorganization & Unaccountability

Organization and Accountability is one of the Basics

of Better and Successful Management. But, till this

Age of Modernization and Civilization, Nigeria is still

Internally Disorganized. She lacks, even a Valid and

a Well-Organized Documentations of Her Citizens

or Properties or Marriages or Births or Deaths.

In the same vein, a majority of Farms there in

Nigeria lacks Organization or Records and

Accountability. Some Farmers there are merely

planting without any sort or kind of a Farm Records

or Organization; or Measurements or, at least; an

Account for an easier Identification of the possible

Reasons behind their Agricultural Gains or Loses.

10. Lack Of Leadership & Neo-Colonialism

One of the Most Serious of all the Major Problems

of Food and Agriculture in Nigeria is Lack of

Leadership. Mismanagements; Corruptions and

Embezzlements of Public Funds are very common

within Nigeria's Government Officials. And as you

know, Patriotism; Trust, Honesty; Organization

and Careful Management has often Led the

Success and Prosperity of Modern Man.

But there in Nigeria, all you can easily see or notice

is the Plain Fact the Nation has “ No Leaders ".

Another serious Problem there in Nigeria's Food

and Agriculture is the Fact that the Nation, has

never ever been Her Real Self.

Her Colonial Masters simply granted Her

Independence. But indirectly, Nigeria's

Resources, Economy, Politics, Language,

Culture and many more; are still suffering new

Methods of Mental Colonization or say, Neo-


In this same vein, even Her Major Problems of Food

and Agriculture have no Real Solutions until Nigeria

is Fully and Unreservedly, in Control of Her Own

Self and Destiny.

11. Industrialization & Privatization

Modern Conversions and Privatizations of Food

and Agriculture into a very Big and Expensive

Industry or Conglomerate, is also of the Major

Contributors to Nigeria's Food and Agricultural


In one hand, the Modern Global Waves of

Industrialization and Privatization of Food and

Agriculture really Produces Surplus Food that is

more than enough to Feed, even the Entire World


On the other hand, Food and Agricultural

Industrialization and Privatization, really Added

Greatly to Global Hunger and Poverty. The

Reasons are because Agric Industrialization and


- Results in an Uneven Distribution of Food.

- Uses much of the Produced Food in Feeding Animals.

- Is Wasteful and Destructive as it is only after Quantity.

- Favors the Haves and Disfavors the Have-nots.

- Adds Hidden Taxes to Prices of Food.

- Is Very Expensive and Uneconomical.

- And it Results in Total Loss of Rural Jobs; Etc…Etc.

12. Global Warming

Global Warming is also part of the Major Problems

of Food and Agriculture in Nigeria. Forest

Destructions and Over-grazing of Animals has

really turned a lot of Nigeria's Farmlands into


Like in other Countries of the World, several Lakes;

Rivers; Streams and Rain Forests have actually


Many Nigerian Farming Communities that only

Depends on Rainfall, are now faced with Severe

Droughts, Erosions, Landslides; Deforestations and

An Excessive Massive Loss of Crops and Animals. All

these are some of the Real Impacts of Global

Warming on Nigeria's Agriculture and Food


Have a very Nice and Happy Day and Stay Blessed!

- Sadiq

Your Comment

Akanimo l | 2/27/2014 9:13:00 AM
Earnestly speaking We need a renounce leader to put an end to Nig problem
akinpelu daniel | 10/29/2014 5:49:00 AM
i wish you proseed with this thanks
bofede | 12/19/2014 11:00:00 AM
so sir what has been the major solutions so far
BOOTYLICKER L201 | 2/8/2017 4:55:00 PM
I believe the solution is a capable competent transparent government. And also big booties, thank you.
Unique Eze | 1/21/2015 2:56:00 PM
Sir, what then can be done to solve these problems?
A.Mubarak | 8/12/2016 10:02:00 PM
By Putting Hand Togther
ISIAKA.TUNDE IYANDA | 3/8/2015 6:57:00 PM
abdulahi | 3/10/2015 10:21:00 AM
sir,what can be the necessary solution to all this?
Ogidi kemi | 5/17/2015 8:37:00 PM
What are the possible solutions to these problems? we need a corrupt-free goverment
Maina Ahmad ( D.prince ) | 5/27/2015 8:32:00 PM
how can we solve this problem that we are facing
DAVID EZE | 8/15/2017 3:57:00 PM
Maina Ahmad ( D.prince ) | 5/27/2015 8:33:00 PM
how can we solve this problem that we are facing
merlinda | 5/27/2015 10:04:00 PM
what are d solution?
chinonye | 6/6/2015 1:19:00 PM
how can we solve these problems
jerry umbu | 6/15/2015 8:26:00 AM
i think what happened in Ghana several years ago should put in place in Nig by killing all the old wicked politicians for young generation to take over.
Fred Ndubuisi | 6/18/2015 12:56:00 AM
Soluions apparently are hidden within us, nigerians. We can fish them all out. Good luck nigerians.
Rabilu sama'ila zamfara | 6/21/2015 1:50:00 PM
Allah we need your help.
muritala olawale | 11/5/2015 2:46:00 PM
what are the best solutions to these problems mentioned
Robert angira Jack | 11/13/2015 7:49:00 AM
why don't you provide solutions to t he problems
Usy HUK POLY. | 11/16/2015 8:11:00 PM
Thanks for helping with ur ideas.
SAIDU GARBA WAXIRI | 11/21/2015 11:34:00 PM
Let us b patient and follow de teacher so dat we should know it pls.
NAXEER PANDA | 11/22/2015 4:07:00 PM
Bolanle bernice | 11/24/2015 4:55:00 AM
I wish to go into agricultural business DAT d only way to survive in Nigeria
shaaban,yusuf | 6/13/2016 3:37:00 AM
D posibla solution is d opposite 2d obstacles
suliyat eniola | 12/13/2015 10:26:00 AM
people started asking what are the ways to eradicate Nigeria food and agricultural problems? though it's really affecting youth more than the aged group. but the problems have been analyzed and identified, if government and people involve should rectify all these problems, then is solved and all people in Nigeria will enjoy better condition of services in all sectors.
shaaban yusuf | 6/13/2016 3:38:00 AM
Solution, is d opposite 2 d obstacles
Ismaila musa ingawa | 12/16/2015 11:34:00 PM
thanks sir for the contribution. your article help me to conclude my assignment. God bless U, in and out.
Vivian | 12/28/2015 11:56:00 AM
Tnx 4 sharing ur ideas. God bless u.
Abdullahi Usman (MAKA) | 1/8/2016 1:09:00 AM
Land tenure system is part of the problems,but how do you solved this?
Bashir | 1/11/2016 2:01:00 PM
Hw u solved problem
Salihu saidu | 1/14/2016 9:10:00 PM
What are the possible solution to problem facing aur agriculture in nigeria
ugonna | 1/25/2016 8:15:00 PM
The greatest of the problems facing the downfall in the agricultural sector is bad government....cause 70% of the problems listed out is meant to be taking care of by the government and when the government fails in that part like not providing good road, electricity, automatic farm equipment, storage facilities etc. It discourages people in enrolling in the agric sector knowing that all these are not there.. poverty has been another big problem facing agriculture...but the federal government releases loans to small scale farmers (as the say) which is very difficult to get and the process involved is too hectic... This is something the government should have done, making it easy for the young farmers.. by so doing solving at least 70% of the problem of poverty.. but since talking and commenting, criticising the government won't help, we have to find a way ourselves.... so I think that farmers should put more effort in labour to yield more produce which at least the can sell to get the capital to provide all the need. cause waiting for the government might disappointed us knowing not when they shall respond. also is not easy to access loan from the bank as a small scale farmer because nowadays the bank runs after the rich only.
Y RABIU MBAYA | 2/20/2016 11:20:00 AM
the problems of agriculture in Nigeria are too much , but we have to practicalize agriculture instead of theorizing it. And the need of gud leadership so that we should have a sustainable food supply in the country.
Beyond | 2/21/2016 10:16:00 PM
let us come together and help our farmers out, cos they are holding the nation
Collins | 3/9/2016 7:37:00 PM
Let s come together and help our farmers
Sani yusha'u | 4/7/2016 9:54:00 AM
What is the solution that we can facing this problem 2 solve it in our countries
Mr P | 4/12/2016 10:47:00 AM
there is need for us to stop looking unto this Nigeria Govt. The more we look on them the more we fail to realise that we have what it takes to do it without them. FORGET THE GOVT, LET'S DEVELOP OURSELVES.... WE HAVE IT ALL
Idris Amin | 4/14/2016 10:08:00 PM
So how to overcome t Uh hese problems
kingsley | 5/13/2016 4:56:00 AM
Is all about bad Government.nigeria has money but Can't make use of it in farming sector.dats our problem.
Anozie Sandra 20-5-2016 4:47 AM. | 5/20/2016 6:05:00 AM
Sir, thanks for your wonderful contributions so far it has helped me a lot. Since privatization and the government is identified as a challenge in our developing economy, I suggest that the government should collaborate with the private sector to solve this outstanding problems aforementioned. Thanks.
Atana | 6/9/2016 12:08:00 PM
We should hare thing commo
Jonas miracle | 6/20/2016 12:21:00 PM
Nice information, but what are solution
Nero | 6/27/2016 2:29:00 PM
sincerely speaking this article is wow! thanks
Abaye Kelrein | 8/9/2016 9:44:00 PM
Really my country is improving wel,especially in land issues,crops,wealth,we are improving.
Oladunjoye Ayotoolami | 10/5/2016 10:27:00 PM
Thanks for the post. It helped in my assignment.
me | 11/6/2016 5:57:00 PM
Thanks it helped in my assignment
MJ | 11/23/2016 9:28:00 PM
tnx a lot t helped me wid my assignment
Young colnel | 11/26/2016 8:36:00 PM
Agriculture is the only solution to our nation economic crisis, i like what the fg training to introduce, not saying it, but I can see it clearly.
Salisu Zubairu Gml | 2/8/2017 3:07:00 PM
Thank U Sir 4 Your Contribution
Jummy | 4/17/2017 10:56:00 PM
The major problem of agriculture in Nigeria is land tenure system because there are no enough lands for farmers to cultivate their crops, owning to this they have to continuously cultivate one particular piece of land till it becomes infertile and less productive. Another key problem is poor agronomic practices such as handling of planting materials(seeds, seedlings etc.),processing and storing of agricultural produce and this is because 75% of Nigerian farmers are illiterate that lacks basic agricultural education about modern farming and use of modern farm implements in farming and this is a pointer to low farm yield and productivity.In my own opinion, i think the solution out of these problems is that, youths that already has the technology know-how and formal education about agriculture should start changing their orientation about agriculture, be engaged in farming activities and also train the local farmers about good agricultural practices instead of putting the burden on them alone.
Amaatimin luben | 5/23/2017 11:30:00 PM
One of the major problem of food and agriculture in Nigeria is that, use of simple farm tool/ manual.
accounter | 6/14/2017 8:53:00 PM
the problems we are in Nigerian ask aur self and we look what we support to do
accounter | 6/14/2017 8:57:00 PM
the problems we are in Nigerian ask aur self and we look what we support to do
Dara | 8/7/2017 10:14:00 AM
thanks for d ideas
Audu ndazhitsu | 8/18/2017 12:45:00 PM
We want government should solve all problem for us
Audu ndazhitsu latiko | 8/18/2017 12:50:00 PM
Our on problem in nigeria is agriculture but many peaple dont like agric at all
Sewa | 9/28/2017 7:51:00 PM
It also help with my assignment
usman makun | 10/12/2017 9:15:00 AM
We should trace our leadership compere to Ghana country, we should call them a conference meeting so that we should kill them and replace the new leadership.
Eze | 11/4/2017 10:50:00 AM
what can we do
Atoyebi Emmanuel | 1/6/2018 2:20:00 PM
please, can I get the references
pearl | 2/6/2018 10:42:00 PM
God bless you
Habibu B Turai | 5/18/2018 1:40:00 PM
thanks for your contribution
UMA Festus | 8/12/2018 10:20:00 PM
what are the problems of agriculture programs in Nigeria