Commission launches Action Plan to crack down on wildlife trafficking
Today the European Commission adopted an EU Action Plan to tackle wildlife traffickingwithin the EU and to strengthen the EU's role in the global fight against these illegalactivities. The Action Plan is an ambitious blueprint that mobilises all EU diplomatic,trade and development cooperation tools to crack down on what has become one of themost profitable criminal activities worldwide.
Recent years have seen a dramatic surge in wildlife trafficking. An estimated 8 to 20billion euro pass annually through the hands of organised criminal groups, rankingalongside the trafficking of drugs, people and arms. It not only threatens the survival ofsome emblematic species, it also breeds corruption, claims human victims, and deprivespoorer communities of much-needed income. It also threatens security in Central Africa,where militia and terrorist groups partly fund their activities through wildlife trafficking.
The Action Plan was prepared jointly by a core team co-chaired by the HighRepresentative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the CommissionFederica Mogherini and Commissioner for Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries,Karmenu Vella, with the close involvement of Commissioners for InternationalCooperation and Development, Neven Mimica and for Migration, Home Affairs andCitizenship, Dimitris Avramopoulos.
Federica Mogherini, Vice president of the European Commission and HighRepresentative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, said: "Wildlifetrafficking and poaching are drivers of insecurity and instability in several countries andregions. They can provide resources to armed groups and encourage corruption. Wehave to build strong partnerships with the countries along the trafficking chain — origin,destination and transit. The EU is ready to work with its partners in order to stop thisform of trafficking and to support affected communities."
Karmenu Vella, EU Commissioner for Environment, Fisheries and Maritime Affairs said:
“Wildlife trafficking is a major threat to our sustainable future, and we need to fight it onseveral fronts. At this rate, a child born today will see the last wild elephants and rhinosdie before their 25th birthdays. The new Action Plan underlines our commitment toending this criminal activity, bringing together political will and action on the ground."
The EU is a destination, source and transit region for trafficking in endangered species,
which involves live and dead specimens of wild fauna and flora, or parts of products
made from them. More than 20 000 elephants and 1200 rhinoceroses were killed in
2014 and, after years of recovery, their populations are once more in decline. As the
biggest donor internationally, the EU is supporting conservation efforts in Africa with 700
million EUR for the period 2014-2020.
The Action Plan comprises 32 measures to be carried out between now and 2020 by the
EU and its 28 Member States. It focuses on three priorities:
Prevent trafficking and reduce supply and demand of illegal wildlife
products: for example by the end of 2016 the Commission will prepare
guidelines aiming to suspend the export of old ivory items from the EU
Enhance implementation of existing rules and combat organised crime
more effectively by increasing cooperation between competent enforcement
agencies such as Europol
Strengthen cooperation between source, destination and transit
countries, including strategic EU financial support to tackle trafficking in source
countries, help build capacity for enforcement and provide long term sources of
income to rural communities living in wildlife-rich areas
In the European Agenda on Security presented in May 2015, the Commission proposed
to scale up the fight against environmental crimes and the illegal trade in wildlife. The
Action Plan forms part of the wider EU Action Plan to strengthen the fight against
terrorist financing presented by the Commission in February 2016. It is also an
important contribution to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals' dedicated target
(Goal 15) to "take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of
flora and fauna, and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products".
It will be presented to the EU Member States for endorsement in the coming weeks.
The EU has been at the forefront of the fight against wildlife crime, advocating for strict
rules under the Convention on Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), promoting its
implementation in all countries, and supporting large scale conservation efforts.
Wildlife trade from, into and within the EU is regulated through a set of Wildlife Trade
Regulations that implement the provisions of the CITES Convention. The EU Nature
Directives prohibit the sale and transport of a number of strictly protected wild species in
the EU. Wildlife trafficking is also included in the Directive on the Protection of the
Environment through Criminal Law which requires Member States to consider it a
In 2014 a consultation on the EU approach against wildlife trafficking showed strong
support for the development of an EU Action Plan. The European Parliament adopted a
comprehensive resolution in January 2014 calling for an EU Action Plan against wildlife
crime and trafficking.