Renewed Oil Facilities Attacks In Niger Delta: Manifest Of Likely Suspects?


By: Ifeanyi Izeze
How else can anybody describe the public pronouncements including outright threats by federal government officials particularly the military on the unfortunate incidents of recent attacks on oil facilities particularly crude oil trunklines in Delta and Rivers states if not to say that so far, they have been very narrow-minded at best and at worst outrightly naive.

Naturally as expected, the federal government was quick to accuse Tompolo and and/or militants loyal to him as being responsible for the attacks but from all indications, this was an easy judgement of a very complex matter.

Let us even look at the case: A statement from the spokesperson of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), Ohi Alegbe had it that The Bonny – Okrika crude supply line to the Port Harcourt Refinery and the Escravos-Warri crude supply line to the Kaduna Refinery were simultaneously breached on the night of Saturday 16th January2016.

Agreed it was convenient for the government to blame Tompolo and/or militants loyal to him for the attack on the Escravos-Warri trunkline because it falls within the area where they have been misbehaving over the years. So it makes some sense that they may want to use such deviant actions to register their displeasure over what they may have perceived as unfair handling of the case of alleged fraud against Tompolo on the botched Maritime University land deal.

Now, if this is so, the question then is: was it Tompolo and/or militants loyal to him that also went on the same day to Rivers state to destroy the Bonny-Okrika line that supplies crude to the Port Harcourt Refinery?

If the answer is yes, then the operators of Operation Polo Shield, the joint military taskforce in the Niger Delta should be held responsible for the breaches as it depicted a woeful failure not only of intelligence but in actual field operation. From Delta to Rivers states through Bayelsa, we have JTF checkpoints scattered all over the place some even as close as one-two kilometres apart both on land and on the waterways. So the JTF cannot completely extricate itself of culpability by negligence of assigned duty in this.

Except the government is saying that Tompolo has foot soldiers both in Delta and Rivers states which he can use simultaneously to strike on targets in these areas. And if this be, then the problem is bigger than what we are actually seeing on the surface. This is the truth!

There is something glaringly wrong with the hasty conclusion and public pronouncements of government officials particularly the military on the refineries crude supplies pipelines attacks. Whether anybody wants to hear this or not, there is a bold handwriting of political mischief in these renewed attacks. Could those who lost out in the political equation in the Niger Delta be on a spoiler mission to create problem for those who think they have the power? Could the mischief be coming from the centre for whatever reasons (political)? This is a serious angle we need to look at but lets just leave there for now until much later.

Is it not curious that the incident in Port Harcourt which was as serious as the one in Delta has been deliberately played down while so much heat and threats of fire and brimstones have been raining over the Delta incident. This is just thinking aloud!

How do you reconcile that the Commander of the Joint Task Force, JTF, Major-General Alani Okunola, during his visit to sites of bombed pipelines on January 17, 2016, could openly threaten that community leaders would be held responsible for attacks on oil facilities by miscreants. The question is: between rural Niger Delta community leaders and his JTF men paid to protect oil facilities in the Niger Delta, who should actually be liable for the attacks?

This renewed attack on supply lines from all indications may go far beyond Tompolo or any militant group that wants to protect their interests or interests of their leaders. There is every attribute of deliberate sabotage to create an impression of lawlessness in Delta, Bayelsa and Rivers states

If the militants as alleged, wanted to sabotage the Nigerian economic by breaching governments revenue earning channels, is it the trunklines supplying crude to refineries they would be targeting? If they have destroyed trunklines supplying the export terminals in Delta and Rivers wouldnt that produce more devastating impact on the nations oil revenues?

In as much as this is not to exonerate the miscreants who parade as militants in the Niger Delta from carrying out such dastardly acts, we should rather broaden our scope in search of who the real culprits in these renewed attacks could be.

So who wants to short circuit the nations effort to boost domestic production of petroleum products by setting out to cripple the refineries that are just being woken from dormancy?

If our refineries come back to optimal operational levels, is that not going to drastically reduce the volume of products we bring from offshore to bridge our domestic needs? More so, the vice president, Yemi Osibanjo has been telling whoever wants to hear at any opportunity he has to represent the president within and outside this country, that removal of subsidy would save over N985 billion annually for the federal government. Are we going to be talking of removal of subsidy when we cannot produce a meaningful fraction of what we consume domestically? So lets be wise so we can actually begin to see who the real enemies of this country are.

Lets not even go to the issue of whether the Port Harcourt and the Kaduna Plants were actually onstream and producing the trickles as claimed by the NNPC in the first instance. Was it not on November/December last year that the NNPC came up with the excuse of Kaduna refinery not coming onstream as originally scheduled. What was their reason: that the day the refinery was to start production, the NNPC discovered over 78 breaches between Warri and Lokoja on the crude oil supply trunkline. The questions: have these damaged pipes been repaired; when were they repaired and by which contractor (s)?

You cant use one lie to cover another lie and this is the problem we are having now. So if Kaduna refinery has been working to produce petrol and diesel, where has the crude feedstock been coming from- is it through the supply line that had over 78 breaches between Warri and Lokoja alone? Nigeria we hail thee!

Is it not surprising that barely 24 hours from the attacks, The NNPC announced (Sunday), it had carried out an operational shut down of two of its three refineries- Port Harcourt and Kaduna due to crude supply problems as a result of the pipeline attacks.

As said in statement by the spokesperson of the, Ohi Alegbe, The plants were shut simultaneously on Sunday after the Bonny – Okrika crude supply line to the Port Harcourt refinery and the Escravos-Warri crude supply line to the Kaduna refinery suffered breaches.

Also, media reports Tuesday 19th January 2016, quoting the Ministry of Power had it that, The attack on the Escravos -Lagos Pipeline System (ELPS) connected to Chevron Nigeria Limiteds gas network at Escravos negatively impacted on the 600 mega watts (MW) Olorunsogo National Integrated Power Plant and other critical power projects in the region.

The immediate impact of the sabotage on the gas facility, Federal Ministry of Power sources said, has been the disruption in the sale and supply of 160 million metres standard cubic feet per day (MMSCD) of gas to operators of electricity generation facilities and a cut in electricity supply from the affected power plants.

Government computation on the extent of loss showed that at about cost $2.50 per thousand standard cubic feet of gas, the country was suffering an estimated $400,000 (about N78.8 million) loss daily through the inability to meet its gas supply obligations to its customers.

The loss does not include about $1,988,223 (about N391.7 million) lost daily by operators of the affected power generation plants for not supplying electricity to their customers.

When the estimated cost of about $609,137 (about N120 million) for the repairs of the damaged pipeline is added, the Nigerian government and the people would have suffered a daily loss of about N590.5 million to the incident.

All the flash responses- from the military, NNPC, Power Ministry, and some idle government officials do they not look like a well articulated programme set out to achieve definite goals?

This may be a wrong line of thinking but supposing there are some truths in it? God bless Nigeria!

(IFEANYI IZEZE lives in Abuja and can be reached on: [email protected]; 234-8033043009)

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